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31



, – – .

, 1930 -, 1928 1933. .

31 1900. . , , . , , .

Mitchell ("Mit") Foster , Jack Kelly ( Orry-Kelly), Archie Leach, .

1928 . Orry-Kelly , , – An American in Paris (1951), Les Girls (1957), Some Like It Hot (1959).

. : Souls for Sale (1923), Midnight Express (1924), Brown of Harvard (1926), Tell It to the Marines (1927), Alias Jimmy Valentine (1929).

, , . , Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, Louis B., , . , .

1926 Jimmy Shields ( ) 1973.

***

- Mann, William J. Wisecracker: The Life and Times of William Haines, Hollywood's First Openly Gay Star. New York: Viking Penguin, 1998.
- Wentink, A. M. "Haines, (Charles) William ('Billy')." Who's Who in Gay and Lesbian History from Antiquity to World War II. Robert Aldrich and Garry Wotherspoon, eds. London and New York: Routledge, 2001. 197-198.

: Glbtq.Com
   
 
30


, , . 30 1910. , , ’ , , .

, , . , , – – 1929. 1931, , .

, , ’ , . , . : , , .

. , . . . "Pages from Cold Point" (1947), .

, 1938 Jane Auer 1947 . Jane Bowles, Two Serious Ladies ( ).

The Sheltering Sky (1949) . , .

, . . , William Burroughs, Allen Ginsberg, Gregory Corso, Tennessee Williams, Truman Capote. : , , .

1973. , 1999.

***

Finlayson, Iain. Tangier: City of the Dream. London: Harper Collins, 1992.
Green, Michelle. The Dream at the End of the World: Paul Bowles and the Literary Renegades in Tangier. New York: Harper Collins, 1991.
Sawyer-Laucanno, Christopher. Paul Bowles: An Invisible Spectator. New York: The Ecco Press, 1990.

: Glbtq.Com
   
 
29


- , , , , .

29 1898. . , , , .

, – 20 – . ’ .

1920 Pearson's. 1926 , Bay Area, Daughters of Bilitis – 1962 – - Comparative Philosophy.

1923 , On a Grey Thread, . , . , ’ Wild Song Singing (1950), Letters from Limbo (1956), Moods of Eros (1971) Her Sapphic Songs, Seventeen to Seventy (1976), 1982.

Elsa, I Come With My Songs, 1986, Peter Adair, Word is Out: Stories of Some of Our Lives (1977).

1920 1950, - , . , . 1926 Violet Winifred Leslie Henry-Anderson, ‘’ 1938 Isabel Grenfell Quallo, .

, 2 - . , . , , , - .

’ , .

, , . 60, 1950 .



For the Goddess Too Well Known

I have robbed the garrulous streets,
Thieved a fair girl from their blight,
I have stolen her for a sacrifice
That I shall make to this night.

I have brought her, laughing,
To my quietly dreaming garden.
For what will be done there
I ask no man pardon.

I brush the rouge from her cheeks,
Clean the black kohl from the rims
Of her eyes; loose her hair;
Uncover the glimmering, shy limbs.

I break wild roses, scatter them over her.
The thorns between us sting like love's pain.
Her flesh, bitter and salt to my tongue,
I taste with endless kisses and taste again.

At dawn I leave her
Asleep in my wakening garden.
(For what was done there
I ask no man pardon.)


***

- Gidlow, Elsa. I Come With My Songs: The Autobiography of Elsa Gidlow. San Francisco: Druid Heights Press, 1986.
- Healy, Eloise Klein. "Gidlow, Elsa (1898-1986)." Lesbian Histories and Cultures: An Encyclopedia. Bonnie Zimmerman, ed. New York: Garland, 2000. 333-34.
- Martin, Marcelina. "Elsa Gidlow: Poet-Warrior." Sacred Arts (1996)
- Rexroth, Kenneth. "Elsa Gidlow's Sapphic Songs." American Poetry Review 7.1 (1978): 20.
- Stryker, Susan. "Elsa Gidlow." Planet Out History.
- West, Celeste. "Farewell, Elsa Gidlow, Poet-Warrior." off our backs (August/September 1986): n.p.

: Glbtq.Com, Sappho.Com
   
 
28


(. Friedrich Wilhelm Murnau) (28 1888 -11 1931 , ) 1920. (Plumpe).

, Nosferatu, eine Symphonie des Grauens, .

. Max Schreck, .

, . Der letzte Mann (1924, ), .

Der letzte Mann, : ( ) – - ( ), . Emil Jannings ( ) , Tartuffe (1925), .

Der letzte Mann, , Faust (1926), . ’ , . ( ), .

William Fox, . . Sunrise (1927), , Carl Mayer, - Karl Struss Rochus Gliese. .

Four Devils (1928) City Girl (1929) , . , 1930, Robert Flaherty, . Flaherty . Tabu, .

1931, Tabu, . .

, , , . , .

:

, : . , , . ( , SIEGFRIED KRACAUER, 1983)

, , , . , . . , . . . - , , - " ". , , , . , . ( , , 1987)

, , , (1922). " " . "", . , , , . . . , , . (…) . , . , . . , . , …. ; ; ( , , 1976)

**

- 1919 Der Knabe in Blau
- 1919 Satanas –
- 1920 Der Bucklige und die Tänzerin -
- 1920 Der Januskopf -
- 1920 Abend - Nacht - Morgen -
- 1920 Sehnsucht -
- 1920 Der Gang in die Nacht
- 1921 Schloß Vogelöd
- 1922 Marizza, genannt die Schmugglermadonna -
- 1922 Der brennende Acker
- 1922 Nosferatu, eine Symphonie des Grauens
- 1922 Phantom
- 1923 Die Austreibung
- 1924 Die Finanzen des Großherzogs
- 1924 Der letzte Mann
- 1926 Tartüff
1926 Faust - eine deutsche Volkssage
1927 Sunrise - A Song of Two Humans
1928 Four Devils -
1930 City Girl (Our daily Bread)
1931 Tabu



- Collier, Jo Leslie. From Wagner to Murnau: The Transposition of Romanticism from Stage to Screen. Ann Arbor, Mich.: UMI Research Press, 1988.
- Eisner, Lotte. The Haunted Screen: Expressionism in the German Cinema. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1969.
- _____. Murnau. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1973.
- Kracauer, Siegfried. From Caligari to Hitler: A Psychological History of the German Film. Princeton, N. J.: Princeton University Press, 1966.
- Shepherd, Jim. Nosferatu. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1998.

: Glbtq.Com, Cinephilia.Gr, Wikipedia
   
 
27


(Marlene Dietrich, 27 1901-6 1992) . . . 1930 : " ". : "", "", " ", " ". , " ", "Destry Rides Again", "A Foreign Affair". . .

, , .

Maria Magdalene von Losch . () , . 1924 Rudolf Sieber . Josef von Sternberg.

(Der blaue Engle) von Sternberg . .

’ ’ , Lola Lola .

, von Sternberg . ’ Sieber .

, .

Morocco 1930 . Marjorie Rosen . /.

Frank Sinatra, John Kennedy, Edith Piaf, Mercedes de Acosta.

1937 , . .

.

1975 .

6 1992. .



Dietrich, Marlene. Marlene. Salvator Attanasio, trans. New York, Grove Press, 1989.
Riva, Maria. Marlene Dietrich: By her Daughter, Maria Riva. New York, Knopf, 1993.
Rosen Marjorie. "A Legend's Last Years: To the Very End, Marlene Dietrich Lived Out Her Life a Daring Original." People Weekly 37.21 (June 1, 1992): 42-53.
Schickel, Richard. "The Secret in her Soul." Time 139.20 (May 18, 1992): 72-73.
Spoto, Donald, Blue Angel: The Life of Marlene Dietrich. New York: Doubleday, 1992.



- : - , 1990.

: Glbtq.Com, Wikipedia
   
 
26


, - . 26 1716 - – . , .

. , (1725). , . Horace Walpole, Richard West, and Thomas Ashton.

. , , . , Walpole, West.

1742 West , ’ , Walpole, "Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard."

, . ’ , .

, . Charles-Victor de Bonstettin, , . . Bonstettin . , .

"Sonnet on the Death of Richard West" (1742), "Ode on a Distant Prospect of Eton College" (1742), "Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard" (1751), :

Here rests his head upon the lap of Earth
A Youth to Fortune and to Fame unknown.
Fair Science frown'd not on his humble birth,
And Melancholy marked him for her own.

Large was his bounty, and his soul sincere,
Heav'n did a recompence as largely send:
He gave to Mis'ry all he had, a tear,
he gain'd from Heav'n ('twas all he wish'd) a friend.
No farther seek his merits to disclose,

Or draw his frailties from their dread abode,
(There they alike in trembling hope repose,)
The bosom of his Father and his God.


***

- Bentman, Raymond. "Thomas Gray and the Poetry of Hapless Love." Journal of the History of Sexuality 3 (1992): 203-222.
- Haggerty, George E. "O lachrymarum fons: Tears, Poetry, and Desire in Gray." Eighteenth-Century Studies 30 (1996): 81-95.
- _____."'The Voice of Nature' in Gray's Elegy." Homosexuality in Renaissance and Enlightenment England: Literary Representations in Historical Context. Claude J. Summers. ed. New York: Haworth Press, 1992. 199-214.
- Hagstrum, Jean. "Gray's Sensibility." Fearful Joy: Papers from the Thomas Gray Bicentenary Conference at Carleton University. J. Downey and B. Jones, eds. Montreal: McGill-Queens University, 1974. 6-19.
- Rousseau, G. S. "The Pursuit of Homosexuality in the Eighteenth Century: 'Utterly Confused Category' and/or Rich Respository." Eighteenth-Century Life 9 (1985): 132-168.
- Trumbach, Randolph. "London's Sodomites: Homosexual Behavior and Western Culture in the 18th Century." Journal of Social History 11 (1977): 1-33.
- Watson-Smyth, Peter. "On Gray's Elegy." The Spectator (July 31, 1971): 171-174.

: Glbtq.Com
   
 
25


25 1917. . , , . , .

, , , , , . .

- - , Michael Ayrton, Robert Colquhoun, Robert MacBryde Keith Vaughan.

St John's Wood School of Art 1935 1938 Camberwell School of Art (1943-1946), Central School of Art and Crafts (1946-1948), Royal College of Art (1948 , 1957).

, - . (1949) (1950), .

’ , . , Time Was Away by Alan Ross (1948) French Country Cooking (1951), The Listener The Radio Times.

- 1950 .

1950 1952 , Ricky Stride, -. .

12 1950 The Listener, , , .

. , , , .

20 1957 Tuinal.

***

- Graham, Rigby. John Minton: A Commemorative Exhibition. Aylestone, Leicester, U. K.: Cog Press, 1967.
- John Minton, 1917-1957. An Exhibition of Paintings, Drawings and Illustrations. London: Arts Council of Great Britain, 1958.
- John Minton, 1917-1957: Paintings, Drawings, Illustrations and Stage Designs. J. Rothenstein, intro. Reading, U. K.: Reading Museum and Art Gallery, 1974.
- John Minton, 1917-1957: A Selective Retrospective. Newtown, Wales: Oriel 31, 1994.
- Spalding, Frances. Dance Till the Stars Come Down: A Biography of John Minton. London: Hodder & Stoughton, 1991.

: Glbtq.Com
   
 
24


24 1928 ( Anver Bey Abdullah Jaffa Khan Joffrey) , . .

, . . ’ . , .

Ivan Novikoff Mary Ann Wells, .

Gerald Arpino ( ) . ܻ, . Arpino , Arpino Novikoff.

’ 1949, , .

High School of Performing Arts 1949 1950 . .

. Persephone (1952). , , London's Ballet Rambert.

. .

, ’ - . , . Arpino, .

1973 A. Aladar Marberger, 26- Fischbach Gallery Manhattan. 80 1988.

***

- Anawalt, Sasha. The Joffrey Ballet: Robert Joffrey and the Making of an American Dance Company. New York: Scribner, 1996.
- Solway, Diane. A Dance against Time: The Brief, Brilliant Life of a Joffrey Dancer. New York: Pocket Books, 1994.

: Glbtq.Com
   
 
23


23 1888. , .

’ . . , . ’ 1913 .

Das schwarze Schaf ( ), . , , . , .

. , , , .

Männer kehren heim ( ). , . , ’ , .

1990 Ritter Nérestan ( Nérestan) . , (Gestern und heute – ), . , , 1931, Mädchen in Uniform ( ), .

, Manuela von Meinhardis, . , Fräulein von Bernburg.

, , 1930 1935. , , ’ , .

Life Begins ( - 1935), , , , , , Passengers ( - 1938).

, ’ Aiono (1943) . .

, , , . , 1944.

***

- Dyer, Richard. Now You See It: Studies on Lesbian and Gay Film. New York: Routledge, 1990.
- Foster, Jeannette H. Sex Variant Women in Literature. Tallahassee, Fla.: Naiad Press, 1985.
- Katz, Jonathan. Gay American History. New York: Thomas Y. Crowell, 1976.
- _____. Gay/Lesbian Almanac. New York: Harper and Row, 1983.
- Reinig, Christa. "Christa Reinig über Christa Winsloe." Mädchen in Uniform. Christa Winsloe. Munich: Frauenoffensive, 1983: 241-248.
- Rich, B. Ruby. "Mädchen in Uniform: From Repressive Tolerance to Erotic Liberation." Re-Vision. Mary Ann Doane, Patricia Mellencamp, and Linda Williams, eds. Los Angeles: American Film Institute, 1984.
- Russo, Vito. The Celluloid Closet. New York: Harper and Row, 1981.
- Sanders, Marion K. Dorothy Thompson: A Legend in Her Time. New York: Avon, 1974: 188-193.
- Sheehan, Vincent. Dorothy and Red. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1963.

: Glbtq.Com
   
 
22


, .

22 1945 , . , , ’ 1971.

Rome Prize in Architecture East Coast, 1979. , , Star Trek.

, .

. Rudolf Schindler Frank Lloyd Wright, . Propaganda Films (1988), Limelight Productions (1991), Virgin Records (1991), Art Pavilion (1991), Robert Altman, Joel Grey, Howard Goldberg Jim Bean.

, , , Thomas Haase. 10 1996, AIDS.

***

- Betsky, Aaron. Drager House. New York: Phaidon Press, 1996.
- Gehry, Frank. Franklin D. Israel: Buildings + Projects. New York: Rizzoli, 1992.
- Glaser, Garret. "Designs of a Decade." The Advocate 711 (July 9, 1996): 51-53.
- Koshalek, Richard. "Appreciation." Los Angeles Times (June 14, 1996): F1.
- Out of Order: Franklin D. Israel. Los Angeles: Museum of Contemporary Art, 1996.
- Toy, Maggie. Frank Israel. London: Academy Editions, 1994

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